Ten-keyed flute – STENGEL, Johann Simonadmin
This is a 10-keyed flute by the famous Bavarian maker STENGEL, Johann Simon made around 1850 from Boxwood with brass keys and horn rings. The flute has the typical features of a ‘romantic’ flute, with a tuning slide, low B-flat key and even a high trill key.
Its total length is 720 mm and the sounding length (middle of embouchure to the end of the foot joint) is 630 mm. The flute has excellent playing qualities in all registers and is pitched at around a=440 Hz with the tuning slide extended at 4 mm.
The stamp reads ‘STENGEL BAIREUTH, with a crown and stars on all parts. On the barrel, it reads ‘BREVETTATO DA S.M. IL RE’, which proves that it was patented and made for the Italian market.
Stengel was a highly regarded flute maker in Germany and is very representative of his time. He started out making one-keyed instruments to go on to make even Boehm flutes. The Stengel company was established as a typical family business in 1805 and ceased business in 1902.
There’s also an interesting connection between the company and Richard Wagner who also worked in Bayreuth at the Opera house.